The well-known Uralvagonzavod, the unique world's largest manufacturer of tanks and railway freight rolling stock, based in Nizhny Tagil, celebrated its 85th anniversary on October 11.
Uralvagonzavod was on everyone’s lips when Igor Kholmanskikh, Head of assembly shop of the plant, offered Vladimir Putin assistance from factory workers during Direct Line with the Russian President [annual special political event, a television program, and a Q&A with Vladimir Putin] to “calm down” the street demonstrations of the so-called oppositionists that took place in Moscow right on cue. “Not yet,” Putin said smilingly and thanked them for their interesting offer. However, the Russian leader did not forget about that initiative of Kholmanskikh, voiced by him in December 2011.
Six months later, Igor Kholmanskikh was appointed Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the Urals Federal District. Before that he became Vladimir Putin's authorized representative during the campaign for the upcoming presidential elections in 2012.
At present, Uralvagonzavod is the parent enterprise of the Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation n.a. F. Dzerzhinsky, which develops and manufactures military equipment, road-building machines, and railway cars. The corporation includes various research institutes, design offices, and, of course, production facilities. Uralvagonzavod itself is located in the city of Nizhny Tagil in the Sverdlovsk region.
In September 1941, Uralvagonzavod was transferred under the jurisdiction of the People's Commissariat of the Tank Industry, which had five more such enterprises. These six enterprises, including Uralvagonzavod, produced 58,681 T-34 medium tanks from 1940 to the end of 1945. Moreover, nearly half of them, to be more precise, 28,952 fighting vehicles, were built at Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil. Therefore, it is safe to call Uralvagonzavod the think tank of the Great Victory [on the Second World War.]
On August 27, 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin issued a decree “on the Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation.” In those years, the plant managed to rebuild the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Omsk Transport Machine-Building Plant, which had gone through bankruptcy proceedings. Uralvagonzavod provided financial and technological assistance not only to these but also to many other enterprises of the corporation.
The seemingly risky investments were fully justified because this powerful production association organized both modernizations of mass-produced existing models and the new production of advanced and unique for our country's armed forces vehicles, including T-72B3 tanks, BMPT Terminators (Tank Support Fighting Vehicle), T-90M Proryv tanks, both newly built and modernized from vehicles of the 1990s, and, of course, the unique new generation T-14 tanks on the Armata platform, during almost 15 years of existence.
The name of Uralvagonzavod implies that the plant manufactures railway cars [“vagon” means “a railway car” in Russian, and “zavod” means “a plant” – ed.note.] Last year alone, the parent enterprise of the Uralvagonzavod group of companies in Nizhny Tagil produced more than 10,000 railcars, thereby fulfilling the state defense order.
It should be reminded that on September 13, 2021, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on awarding the Uralvagonzavod team with the badge of honor “For high performance.”
“To award the employees of Uralvagonzavod n.a. F. Dzerzhinsky, located in the Sverdlovsk Region, for their great contribution to the creation of new special equipment, the strengthening of the country’s defense capability and high performance in production with the Badge of Honor “For Success in Labor” of Russian Federation,” says the text of the decree, published on the Kremlin website.