Thanks to the efforts of the State Duma, seven new laws will come into force in Russia. Two of them that are related to the Mir payment card and to the changes to the procedure of technical inspection might be a cause for concern, perhaps, for the majority of Russians.
For example, fines for violating the rules of technical inspection have been increased. An administrative fines from 5,000 ($66.93) to 10,000 rubles ($133.85) for individuals, from 30,000 ($401.55) to 50,000 ($669.25) rubles for officials and from 200,000 ($2,677) to 300,000 rubles ($4015.50) for legal entities will be charged for issuing an illegal certificate of annual technical inspection. They will become electronic while the very procedure of inspection, entry and exit of a vehicle from the inspection station will be photographed. All data will be stored by the Interior Ministry in the database of the unified automated information system (UASI.)
However, as it turned out, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the procedure was not arranged. Therefore, the new rules will fully come into force on October 1, 2021. This eleventh hour decision was taken by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin.
Expectedly, promotion of the Mir payment system will continue with the help of powerful administrative resources. If earlier this card was obviously "social", now, it is being purposefully brought up to the level of a full-fledged payment system, at least, on the territory of Russia. According to the plan, it will get an opportunity to compete with its international counterparts. In the light of it, many will face the requirement to accept these cards. If they refuse, they will face the fines of 15,000 ($200.78) to 30,000 ($401.55) rubles for the company's management and from 30,000 to 50,000 ($669.25) rubles for legal entities.
Justifying the state preferences to promote the Mir payment system, Vyacheslav Volodin, the chairman of the State Duma, said earlier that "the law established a phased reduction of the revenue threshold.” Namely, to 30 mln rubles ($401,550) from March 1 to June 30, 2021, and to 20 mln rubles ($267,700) from July 1, 2021. This will significantly increase the number of vendors and aggregators obliged to accept Mir cards.
The National Guard has received new powers. It will exercise control over the import of foreign hunting weapons and munitions, as wells as the export of Russian hunting weapons and munitions by foreign nationals.
A special register will be created for the mandatory requirements that businesses must comply with after the "regulatory guillotine" mechanism is put into force. It will contain a list of these requirements, as well as data on the regulations that established them and their validity periods. The Federal Service for Labour and Employment, Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing, the Federal Accreditation Service and the Ministry of Emergency Situation were expected to complete the register before the end of March. After that, the businessmen got all the information they need in terms of economic activities.
As regard finance, life became a little easier for the owners of dachas and countryside houses. Since March, the list of customers of cadastral works will be extended. Previously, complex cadastre works were done only on request of local government bodies. From 23 March, individuals and legal entities will be able to order them. According to the law's authors, this will reduce the cost of cadastral works by several times.
As usual, the so-called "foreign agents" are not so lucky. The authorities introduced criminal liability for people who are foreign agents and who have not registered as such officially. In order not to be put behind bars, these individuals must apply for registration at the Ministry of Justice. Media outlets and non-profit organizations that are foreign agents will also be punished if they do not register of their own will.
In addition, according to the new law, fines of between 300,000 ($4015.5) and 500,000 ($6692.5) rubles were imposed on non-profit organizations that are foreign agents for producing and distributing materials without special notifications for the audiences, including on the Internet.