This initiative was announced by Yevgeny Fedorov, a State Duma deputy from the United Russia party. In his opinion, the resolution of the State Council of the USSR, which recognizes the independence of Lithuania, is illegal and it was adopted “in violation of the requirements of the Constitution.”
Fedorov submitted a bill to the State Duma lower house of parliament stating that the recognition of Lithuania's independence was adopted by an unconstitutional body, violating the requirements of articles of the USSR Constitution. The document was published Wednesday in the Duma's electronic database.
According to TASS, the explanatory materials to the bill say that the law of the USSR “On the procedure for resolving issues related to the withdrawal of Union republics from the USSR” was violated. The bill emphasized that no referendum had been held in the Republic of Lithuania. In addition, the Republic did not establish a transition period, which was required to consider the disputed issues.
Fedorov also noted that under the law (Article 67.1 of the Russian Constitution) the Russian Federation is the legal successor of the USSR on its territory. If that is the case, then the resolution of the State Council of the USSR passed on September 6, 1991, should be denounced.
Gazeta.ru reports that the author of the bill specified that the 1991 referendum showed that the citizens of the Soviet Union voted for preserving the USSR as a single state. The State Council of the USSR, which was created by Mikhail Gorbachev, was not stipulated by the Constitution of the USSR, in effect at that time in the country. The state at that time was in a period of transition.
The decision to grant independence to Lithuania was made at the first meeting of the State Council of the USSR, which was chaired by Gorbachev, said Fedorov, explaining his position on this issue. However, the amendments necessary for making such a decision were not made to the current Constitution of the USSR.
Lithuania is now an unfriendly country to Russia. It is known that in May, after the celebration of the 77th anniversary of the Soviet victory in the Second World War, vandals desecrated a monument to Soviet soldiers located in the city of Skuodas. The day before, on May 8, it became known about the facts of desecration of the monuments that were set to Soviet soldiers-liberators in Šiauliai and Lazdijai.
Some countries are now particularly zealous in rewriting history, forgetting the real facts that took place in Europe during the Second World War. It was Soviet soldiers who liberated Europeans from Nazi Germany and liberated hundreds of thousands of people from concentration camps. It was Soviet soldiers who saved millions of Poles, French, Italians, Croats, Jews and people of other nationalities from martyrdom in the Nazi prison camps, where they were starved, tortured, burned in gas chambers and subjected to inhumane experimentation.
In neighboring Latvia the Nazis equipped the Salaspils concentration camp, where not only adult prisoners were kept, but also children. Hundreds of thousands of people died here during the years of fascist occupation. Does it all need to be rewritten and forgotten? But history knows no subjunctive mood…