In March, laws that would change the lives of Russians came into force. Additional measures are being taken to protect people’s personal data. Foreign agents will be held criminally liable. New standards will be applied to multi-storey buildings. In addition, there will be new road signs, and the current rules for car technical inspections well-familiar to the Russians will be extended.
Protection of Personal Data to be Strengthened
A law amending the federal law 'On Personal Data' enacted at the end of December went into force at the beginning of March. According to it, it is now impossible to obtain a 'by-default' permission to distribute personal details without an individual's consent. Under the new standards, when giving consent, a person has the right to determine what information about them can be posted publicly and what information will be forbidden. This applies to the surname, first name, patronymic, telephone number, etc. The law also grants a person the right to demand that their details be deleted. The operators are obliged to delete all data when this request is made.
If personal information about an individual has been made publicly available due to irregularities or force majeure circumstances, the operators will be obliged to explain the legal grounds for dissemination of this information.
Criminal liability has been introduced for individual foreign agents.
From now on, individuals recognized as foreign agents might be held criminally liable for up to 5 years in prison if they fail to apply for being entered in a special register. In addition, the law provides for criminal penalties if these individuals collect data on Russia's national security. All materials they produce must have special labels. If there is no such marking, fines will be imposed and confiscations will be made.
What Changes are Expected for Parents and Schoolchildren?
A new law came into force on March 7. According to it, schoolchildren under 16 years old shall not be forced to leave public transport if they travel alone without a ticket.
The regulations for child benefit will also change. Families whose average income per person is less than two minimum subsistence incomes will have to reapply and notify the Pension Fund and the regional authorities if their place of residence changes or circumstances change that lead to a revision or withdrawal of allowances.
New Road Sign and Extension of Car Technical Inspections
The new road sign “Photo and video recording” was introduced as of 1 March. The title itself suggests that it is placed where cameras are installed. These signs are placed 150 meters to 300 meters from the beginning of the road segment where the cameras are installed, as well as where the road enters a populated locality.
Many were confused by the procedure of technical inspection. Now, these inspections will be done in accordance with new rules. At the end of February, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin announced the extension of validity of the certificates of annual technical inspection. They are needed to obtain the Compulsory Motor Third Party Liability (CMTPL) policy, for another 7 months, i.e. till October 1, 2021. This time is needed to purchase and install special equipment at servicing stations.
Fitting Out of Areas Near Residential Buildings and Daily Cleaning of Pavements
As of 1 March, there are more strict requirements for the maintenance of areas around residential buildings and common areas in apartment buildings. For example, areas around houses should be well lit and developed. Driveways and pavements should have paving and be cleaned every day. People will not be allowed to wash cars, check the brakes or adjust the horns near buildings.
Unloading goods to an office or a shop located in a residential building will only be allowed on the side of the road opposite the entrance.
Housing management companies ensure that garbage chutes are cleaned and disinfected on a monthly basis. The functionality of the Mir card is being extended.
In the first half of the year, retailers whose revenue for the previous calendar year exceeded 30 mln roubles ($401,550) will have to provide technical capabilities for paying up goods and services with the aid of Mir card. From 1, 2021, organizations and individual entrepreneurs with revenues exceeding 20 mln roubles ($267,700) a year will also be required to accept payments by Mir card.