If a patient diagnosed with the hantavirus develops complications, he or she may have renal impairment. Another special feature of this type of virus is that it usually peaks in the summer.
While the media and television are flooded with the reports on the statistics on people with COVID-19, experts remind that there is another virus in Russia which is no less dangerous. The country is at the second place in the world by the number of cases of hantavirus. It is noteworthy that neighboring China holds the first place. Last week, a death related to the virus was recorded there. In total, there are between 15,000 and 100,000 cases per year there. This is the reason why compulsory vaccination has been introduced in some regions. In addition, this type of viruses is very common in Korea and European countries. Meanwhile, the United States claims that these cases are rare there -- from 30 to 50 cases annually.
No Transmission Between People
It is also noteworthy that on the territory of the Russian Federation the hantaviruses are distributed unevenly. Cities of the Volga region, the Republic of Bashkortostan, and Sochi are the most dangerous areas in terms of contracting them. Besides, closer to the end of 2019, there was a serious outbreak of the hantavirus in the Saratov region. A total of about 3,000 persons were infected in territory of Kumysnaya Polyana, a well-known natural park.
At the same time, Russia has highly accurate tests to detect this type of virus and also vaccines against it. However, their clinical trials are still in progress. Of course, an epidemic or a pandemic of hantavirus is unlikely to be announced. There are no conspiracy theories. This is explained by the fact that the hantavirus does not have a human-to-human transmission. Experts indicate that one may get the virus only by contact with bats and rodents or through dust.
It is noteworthy that even recently there have been data on a new fatality from hantavirus in China. A Chinese resident suddenly felt badly on a bus on his way to Shandong. Doctors did not manage to save his life. For safety reasons, it was decided to test all passengers on the same bus.
Similar to Coronavirus
According to scientists, Puumala orthohantavirus (PUUV) is the most common type of hantavirus in Russia. It provokes hemorrhagic fever and renal syndrome. However, the first symptoms of this disease are very similar to the notorious coronavirus: ailment, high fever and nausea. After a while, if an infected person is not properly treated, a millet rash appears along with severe pain feelings in the lumbar and abdomen area. If a patient diagnosed with the hantavirus develops complications, he or she may have renal impairment. Another special feature of this type of virus is that it usually peaks in the summer.
According to a number of sources, in the first 9 months of last year, more than 8,600 people in Russia were infected with the hantavirus. Two cases of infection were fatal.