Russian-Iranian-Turkish Convergence in Syria

Russian-Iranian-Turkish Convergence in Syria


The day before, the negotiations between the presidents of Russia, Turkey and Iran, Vladimir Putin, Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Ibrahim Raisi ended in Tehran.

This truly historic event will certainly have an impact on the entire world economy because such important and influential Asian countries as Iran and Turkey have shown their willingness to cooperate with Russia against the background of the Ukrainian events and the confrontation between Russia and the West.

The fate of the Syrian Arab Republic, the global fuel crisis, as well as the difficult situation with the export of grain from Ukraine were the main topics of the meeting. So, the heads of the three countries primarily discussed ways to solve these problems.

Grain supplies from Ukraine were also discussed at the meeting. The Turkish president noted that Russia's position taken on Ukrainian grain was “very constructive.” However, the Russian leader and Iranian leader Ibrahim Raisi discussed cooperation in the energy and transport sectors, as well as the increased use of national currencies in payments between the two countries.

In addition, the summit of the three leaders declared that the territorial integrity of Syria must be “preserved,” so the U.S. military must leave the region “as soon as possible.” Vladimir Putin called for a “permanent end” to ISIS* and similar groups in Syria.

As for the supply of Iranian drones to Russia, Putin did not discuss them with either the president of Iran or the supreme leader and spiritual leader of the country, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Following the talks, the Russian president held a press conference at which he, among other things, made a comment on the energy crisis in Europe. For example, Putin said that “Gazprom has always fulfilled and will continue to fulfill” all its obligations, the introduction of a price ceiling on Russian oil would only lead to “an increase in the cost of hydrocarbons,” and the desire of foreign partners to shift their mistakes onto Russia had “no grounds whatsoever.” When asked about a possible meeting with Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, Putin replied that “Moscow does not see Kiev's desire” to implement any agreements.

The next summit is to be held in Russia. Three states, Russia, Turkey and Iran, whose relations have recently begun to develop actively, announced to the world the establishment of closer ties. This sent a very significant signal to Washington about the desire of Moscow, Ankara and Tehran to work together without the imposition of U.S. positions, policies and programs.

* The Islamic State (ISIS) is recognised as a terrorist organisation whose activities are officially banned in Russia by the Russian Supreme Court's ruling of 29 December 2014.

The Caucasus Emirate is an international organisation officially banned in Russia.

The Turkistan Islamic Party (formerly known as the East Turkestan Islamic Movement) is an international organisation officially banned in Russia.

** The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation recognised Al-Qaeda as an extremist organisation banned on Russian territory on 13.11.2008; ruling No. 08-1956, entered into force 27.11.2008

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