The New Year will begin with the traditional rise in prices and fares for the Russians. Public transport will be the first to reach for people’s wallets. The increase seems to be insignificant, and the decision of transport workers is understandable as they also need to compensate for inflation. However, travel costs are a tidy little sum, and those who work remotely will have an advantage.
The Moscow Department of Transport announced that the price of travel on Moscow public transport will increase from January 2, 2022.
The cost of a single trip on public transport in Moscow in 2022 will grow by 1 ruble ($0.01) and by 4 rubles ($0.05) for the Troika card users. A single trip with the Yediny travel card will cost 61 rubles ($0,81), up one ruble from 60 rubles ($0,81). The cost of a 2-trip ticket is set at 122 rubles plus one ruble per trip ($1.66).
“The price of 30- and 90-day travel cards will rise but the cost per trip on average will increase by one ruble or so. These travel cards, including one-year cards, can be activated within 10 days after the purchase,” said the press service of the Department of Urban Transport.
The cost of a three-month pass on the subway, Moscow Central Circle, Moscow Central Diameters, and ground transport will not change (810 ($11) and 1,245 rubles ($16.9) for students, residents, and postgraduates. From May 1, the tickets for schoolchildren and students will be valid for 30 days regardless of the date of recharge.
The Transport Department explained that they had to raise fares due to rising costs for fuel, electricity, infrastructure, and accessories. Thus, the increase amounted to 13% for the subway and 15.8% for ground transport.
Starting January 1, 2022, subway fares will increase to 65 rubles ($0.88) from 60 rubles ($0.85), and to 45 rubles ($0.61) on the Podorozhnik card (from 41 rubles ($0.55). Bus, trolley bus, and streetcar passengers will pay 55 ($0.74) to 60 rubles ($0.81). The fare for the Podorozhnik card holders will go up four rubles ($0.05) to 40 rubles ($0.54).
Head of the Committee on Tariffs Dmitry Koptin said on December 16, 2022 that St.Petersburg would launch the interchange fare. It will be valid for an hour. The cost of the first trip will be 40 rubles. The second will be 10 rubles ($0.13), and the next ones will be free.
If the deputies vote “for” then there will be a more expensive fare on January 1, 2022. Fares in Volgograd will increase by 3 rubles ($0.04) for card payments and by 5 rubles ($0.07), if the ticket is bought for cash. A price increase will not affect only those who pay by Volna for a ride on a high-speed streetcar. Those who pay by bank card will be charged 28 rubles ($0.38) per trip. Paying in cash will be the most expensive option. In this case, a trip will be 30 rubles ($0.41) per ticket. It is expected that deputies will make the decision next week for setting “the New Year mood.”
Today, the cost of an urban public transport ride with cash or bank card payment is 25 rubles ($0.34) for all types of transport such as bus, trolleybus, streetcar, high-speed streetcar. Volgograd residents pay 23 rubles ($0.31) on the high-speed streetcar and 20 rubles ($0.27) on all other types of transport (streetcar, trolleybus, bus) with a transport card. Transfer tariff is 30 rubles ($0.41) in all types of public transport. It is valid for 1 hour, and the number of transfers is not limited. The City Council explains increasing fare by the fact that in three years, while the ticket price remained unchanged, prices for consumer services grew by 14.9% and the cost of fuel for gas-guzzling buses increased by 22.05%. Energy resources are also becoming more expensive.
From December 27 onwards, a ride on city buses, streetcars and trolleybuses will cost 25 rubles ($0.34) in cash or 20 rubles ($0.27) by bank card. The worst news for passengers was announced at a special press conference. Representatives of the Kursk public transport enterprise and Kurskelectrotrans appealed to the mayor's office asking for a little more, 27 ($0.37) and 23 rubles ($0.31), respectively. The administration of the regional center reviewed the issue, calculated everything, and announced that “this tariff is justified on the basis that the activities of enterprises, in this case, will break even,” said chairwoman of the committee on economic development of Kursk Anna Zakovyrina. “The calculations take into account the budget subsidy.”
At the same time, the authorities promised that the rising fares would not affect benefit recipients. The cost of travel cards for them will remain the same at 300 rubles ($4.07) per month. Representatives of the city administration explained that the rise in fares will be used to increase drivers' salaries, repair rolling stock, and repay debts, which amount to 10 million rubles ($135,770) for the Kursk public transport enterprise alone.
Public transport fares will go up to 33 rubles ($0.45) starting February 1, 2022. The statement was made by Mayor Alexey Orlov at a press conference on the results of the city in 2021. According to Orlov, the increase in fares will allow the City Transport municipal unitary enterprise to “work on increasing the salaries” of the employees, which are now quite low. In addition, Mayor said that fares were rising due to growing fuel prices.
Earlier, Yekaterinburg deputy mayor Alexei Bubnov said that the cost of travel on buses, trolley-buses, and streetcars in the city was 37 rubles ($0.5), and 42 rubles ($0.57) on subway. This request for higher fares was voiced by passenger transportation businesses. He said that there would not be such a sharp rise in travel costs as “the population is not ready for it.” Now, bus, trolley-bus, and streetcar fares in the city are 28 rubles ($0.38) and the subway fare is 32 rubles ($0.43).
In November, Novosibirsk Metro asked the Department of Tariffs to raise the fare to 35 rubles ($0.48). “The department received an appeal from the Novosibirsk Metro municipal unitary enterprise to review the tariff for passenger transportation in 2022 by the method of economically justified costs. The projected rate of the carrier was 35 rubles per trip, with an increase of 34.6%,” the department's press service said.
The department conducted an economic analysis concluding that an increase by one ruble would be enough for the carrier to operate at break-even. The media reported on November 30 that the cost of travel on public transport in Novosibirsk will increase by 1 ruble on December 15. Thus, streetcar and trolleybus fares rose to 25 rubles ($0.34), bus fare to 26 rubles ($0.35), and subway fare to 27 rubles ($0.37). The public showed mixed reaction to the decision to raise fares. Representatives of the transport sector considered the increase in tariffs by just one ruble an outrageous decision. The transport sector is in a deplorable state, and this money is not enough for its support and development, they claimed. Novosibirsk residents also expressed their dissatisfaction. In their view, the cost of subway travel should not exceed 20-25 rubles, as their wages “do not grow.”
Despite the price increase, the cost of a subway trip in Novosibirsk remains the lowest in the country. For example, riding the subway in Nizhny Novgorod will cost 28 rubles ($0.38). The subway fare is 32 rubles (0.43) in Samara and Yekaterinburg, and 35 rubles ($0.48) in Kazan. The most expensive subway ride is in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
The fare in Irkutsk is 25 rubles ($0.34) during the day and 30 rubles ($0.41) after 8 p.m. Bus fares in Irkutsk were rounded up on November 1. This happened on 26 commercial routes. In summer the transport companies said the fares would be raised, but the City Hall persuaded them to keep the cost of travel up to the end of the year. However, many are tired of making losses.
“I've been working for a long time. Of course, I feel sorry for the passengers but there is no way out. We did not raise it for many years,” says Anatoly Mikhailov, a private carrier.
Interestingly, passengers are accepting these changes. “The prices have long been raised in other cities. They also need something to live on and repair transport.” “Gasoline prices are going up. I believe that it's normal, and it would have happened sooner or later anyway.”
The increase in fares for public transport can be explained by simple mathematics. Gas prices in the Irkutsk region have risen by 50%, since the beginning of this year; the cost of motor oil has doubled. The cost of spare parts for motorists has increased by 36%. Municipal transport still looks like a “hard nut to crack” as the fare of 15 rubles ($0.2) has remained there since 2016. The Irkutsk administration warned that everything may change next year. Here is one of the reasons.
“We now have an economically justified bus fare of 57 rubles ($0.77). The difference between the fare which is 15 rubles ($0.2) and the cost of production which is 57 rubles is covered by subsidies of the city of Irkutsk,” says Ivan Fominykh, head of the City Hall Consumer Market Department. This is about 600 million rubles ($8,076,000) a year.
According to Ivan Fominykh, the depreciation of the municipal vehicle fleet is about 80%, and there are 330 vehicles. Chances are tariffs may rise next year for a large-scale renewal of transport.
On January 1, the bus fare will increase to 32 rubles ($0.43) in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. The fare will increase in seven other settlements such as Elizov, Vilyuchinsk, Milkovo, Ust-Kamchatsk, and the village of Klyuchi. This is stated in the resolution of the regional government, signed by chairman of the regional Cabinet of Ministers Evgeny Checkin.
According to the document, the fare will increase to 70 rubles ($0.95) in the village of Krutoberegovo. The fare is regulated by the regional government because the economically justified fare is higher. The difference between it and the price set by the authorities is subsidized from the regional budget. Why, why, why...
“All over the world public transport exists and develops on taxpayers’ money. The wages of drivers should be also increased apart from renewing the fleet of vehicles which happens very rarely in our regions, except for large cities, because new buses, trolleybuses, and streetcars, not to mention subway and electric trains, are expensive. Otherwise, how can we talk about transport safety? If you have decent and high-paying jobs, you have no problem with fare increases. Of course, people do notice price increases. They do not react as sharply as they do in regions where wages are very low.
Accordingly, any rise in prices, even by a ruble, is met with hostility. The regional authorities have only one solution how to create, as our president constantly says, decent and well-paid jobs for the population. Then the tension will be relieved by itself,” said Mikhail Blinkin, Head of the Institute of Economics of Transport and Transportation Policy of the Higher School of Economics. As expected, the authorities explain the increased cost by the fact that the cost of transport maintenance has grown across the board. That is why budget funding for subway, buses, etc. will rise in 2022, but at the same time, it is necessary to compensate for losses, so the cost of travel increases, said officials.