Moscow City authorities have come up with a new plan for garbage disposal. The project has been published on the city hall’s website. It is said that the document contains the prospective patterns of accumulation, processing and recycling of waste from the capital in the next ten years, that is, until the end of 2029.
The project says that the prospects were considered on the basis of the services provided by companies under state contracts or by regional operators.
The proposal suggests that the nonrecycled garbage from Moscow will be dump on landfills in the Kaluga (Kaluga Ecotechnopark), Vladimir and Tula regions. It will be delivered to the landfills through the Boinya and Nekrasovka loading and off-loading complexes, which are to be completed in a short while.
The operator responsible for waste management is expected to be chosen next year (although Moscow has a delay until 2022). Sorting and recycling the capital city's waste will be carried out by eleven waste recycling complexes in the Moscow region.
It should be noted that the Vladimir region authorities said that at the moment, they are not going to place garbage from Moscow and other regions at their landfills.
As the official response of the administration shows, garbage importation from any other regions, including the neighboring ones, is not on the region’s agenda.
The Kaluga region is planning to take out 1,56 mln tons of waste from Moscow a year. That is, about 15 million tons over ten years. Sergey Sobyanin, the mayor of Moscow, has already visited the Kaluga Eco-Industrial Park. He said the facility is ready for operation and will help cut down significantly the amount of municipal solid waste disposal.
The dumping site at the Shiyes railway station in the Arkhangelsk region has not been included in the list. For more than a year eco-activists set up a tent camp near the station resisting waste disposal there.
Reports said last year that the Moscow authorities were considering an allocation of 10.5 bln rubles for the construction of the Shiyes eco-industrial park in the Lensky district of the Arkhangelsk region. Supposedly, about 500,000 tons of garbage would be placed there over a period of 20 years. According to estimates, the eco-industrial park will earn more than 150 mln rubles per year for the regional budget. Most of this money will come from the Russian capital’s budget.
As of January 1, 2020, Moscow goes over to separate waste collection. All these measures will significantly reduce the amounts of municipal solid waste which is to be used for recycling and utilization into useful products. In the future, both mixed and separately accumulated types of waste will be consigned for sorting. More than 50 percent of secondary raw materials will be reclaimed from the separated ones, and up to 25 percent from mixed ones.
The “garbage” problem is very acute in Moscow and the Moscow region. The greater part of it is "settling" in landfills or dumps, and then buried in the ground, because the level of recycling in this country is low.
The authorities are trying to boost the amount of recycled waste in order to meet European standards, and this means the processing of 80 percent of waste.