Complex for deep processing of grain will be built in the Krasnoyarsk territory. In terms of its gross harvest, the area has reached the Soviet level. It has significant surpluses for high value-added products.
The Sibagro holding from Tomsk, which is already well-known on the Krasnoyarsk territory, is going to build a new agro-industrial complex. The project will cost 30 bln roubles ($394.8 mln.) Sibargo has been operating a large pork complex in the Bolshemurtinsky district there for several years, covering about half the local pork market. According to the plan, the company will construct another one in the Sharypovo district and put it into operation in 2023. It will be a plant for deep processing of grain producing feed additives and biodegradable plastic.
The place for the construction was not chosen by chance. The Sharypovo district apart from being a coal and power generation area also ranks first in the territory in terms of agricultural performance. There is the Berezovsky open pit owned by SUEK and the Berezovsky regional hydroelectric power plant with the highest pipe in Russia at 370m.
The municipality ranks among the top three districts of the area in terms of crop yield. On the whole, the Krasnoyarsk territory's agricultural sector has been on the rise in recent years. The year of 2020 was marked by a record-breaking harvest. Agricultural enterprises harvested almost 2.8 mln tonnes of grain and leguminous crops. That is 400,000 tonnes more than in 2019. This is the highest figure in the last 25 years. Moreover, since the 1990s, the sown area in the Krasnoyarsk territory has almost halved. The high figures are achieved through intensive development. The average yield across the region now stands at 31.9 quintals per ha, which is the highest indicator in Siberia.
"We harvested 66.9 quintals per ha. We used modern agricultural techniques, quality fertilisers and seeds. During harvesting, even the most powerful harvesters drove across the field at only 3 km per hour," said Boris Melnichenko, the head of Solgon, a company based in Ugra.
At the moment, the Krasnoyarsk territory has enough grain and to spare. In the future, the authorities are going to use every fifth to sixth tonne of the collected grain for further processing. Raw material will be processed into gluten, lysine chloride, and fodder yeast. These are all in-demand products. For example, lysine chloride is a food-grade amino acid used in feed production. Today, Russia imports this important component entirely from abroad. Only in the Saratov region, a plant for the production of lysine chloride is currently under construction. According to the plan, it will be commissioned in 2022.
Biodegradable plastic is another promising product. Its consumption is growing worldwide. Currently, it is one of the environmental trends.
"On the one hand, we see an increase in the production and use of synthetic non-degradable polymeric materials and their accumulation in the biosphere. At the same time, there are more and more restrictive measures and bans aimed at reducing plastic waste. More than 60 countries are developing and implementing projects to reduce polyolefin waste through restrictions on the use of disposable tableware, plastic bags and food and beverage containers. The idea of manufacturing biodegradable polymers from natural raw materials by chemical or biological synthesis in order to gradually replace the polyolefins is getting more popular," said Tatiana Volova, the head of the Siberian Federal University's Biotechnology Department.
However, there are still few producers of these products. These are just a few companies from the US, Europe, and China. There is still time to find niche in the market.
"There are many options for the use of biodegradable polymers. From tableware to clothing. Given the limitations of conventional plastic, this is a very big prospect. Sharypovo is an ideal place to locate this production. There is a surplus of grain here, sufficient energy capacity and staffing," said Andrei Tyutyushev, the CEO of Sibagro.
"When we sell raw materials for export, we give away a significant part of the profit. Then we bring the products of grain processing back to the country for enormous sums of money. Of course, it is more profitable for us to create deep processing here ourselves. It's a breakthrough for the regional agro-industrial complex. We have never had anything like this before," Vladimir Dubovikov, the head of Bogotolsky district of Krasnoyarsk territory and former head of the local agricultural enterprise, said in an interview with wek.ru.