Krasnoyarsk is Getting rid of Small Heat Sources

Krasnoyarsk is Getting rid of Small Heat Sources


Krasnoyarsk is holding a course for eradicating small heat sources. The city has already closed 17 boilers this year alone. Their market share goes to the Siberian Generating Company.

For several years now, the city has been using an updated heat supply scheme which does not provide for any future for small heat generation. There are three CHPPs in Krasnoyarsk that will eventually cover all the heating of the regional capital. Mainly, it is done due to environmental issues. Many small boiler plants are of interest for local history because they were built in the post-war years in the USSR. More than 200 of such facilities were built in the city in the 1950s. It is clear that their efficiency is below criticism. Especially nowadays, when all the boiler plants have long since reached the end of their service life.

Experts point out that half of the energy is lost when small boilers burn coal. Twice as much fuel as at a district heating plant is needed on average to produce one gigacalorie of heat at a small heat source. In addition, the fuel must be burned at lower temperatures. This leads to graver emissions in terms of quality. For example, production of benzapyrene which CHPs do not emit. According to approximate estimates, small boilers can produce 20-30% of all air emissions in Krasnoyarsk at the winter peak. Moreover, due to low pipes and proximity to residential areas these emissions are particularly felt by citizens.

The other day, another facility was taken out of service in the Oktyabrsky district of Krasnoyarsk. According to plans, it was not supposed to be closed until 2023 but the process was accelerated due to numerous complaints from citizens. Boiler house #10 worked in the area of the transport ring connecting Maerchaka and Kalinin streets. Accordingly, it emitted smoke on the surrounding multi-story buildings. After the boiler house was shut down, 65 different buildings were reconnected to Krasnoyarsk CHP-2. There were residential buildings, a school, a tuberculosis dispensary, offices and warehouses. “These boiler plants have low pipes and no gas cleaning systems. All their emissions are deposited right where people live or work. Replacement of such facilities is a very important direction of the Ecology national project,” said Pavel Borzykh, Minister of Ecology and Environmental Management of Krasnoyarsk territory. It is also planned to close three more boilers in the Sovetsky District of the city by the end of the year.

Of course, this problem is acute not only for Krasnoyarsk. For example, small inefficient boilers are displaced in neighboring Khakassia. The heat supply scheme of the whole city Chernogorsk was changed there not so long ago. It was heated by several outdated boilers. At the end of November, they were shut down, and the city was connected to the Abakanskaya CHPP which also belongs to the Siberian Generating Company. The plan is that it will supply power to the whole Ust-Abakan district in the near future. The project cost 2.5 billion rubles ($33.85 mln.) The money mainly went for the construction of a 12-kilometer cofferdam between Chernogorsk and Abakan. According to experts, the volume of harmful emissions into the atmosphere over Chernogorsk will be reduced by about 5,000-6,000 tonnes per year.

On the one hand, the process is certainly innovative. Siberian Generating Company is making significant investments in reconstruction of the grids and building new facilities. The holding has access to up-to-date technologies that allow reducing the negative impact on the environment. Like any other major modern company, it is interested in creating a favorable image. Accordingly, it meets the requirements of the authorities. Unlike, let us say, some small proprietors. The boiler house of the electric locomotive repair plant is still in operation in Krasnoyarsk although according to the same heat supply scheme it should have been closed by now. The city authorities simply cannot get in touch with the owner because his location is unclear. Moreover, this entrepreneur has problems with the law, so in addition to the Krasnoyarsk City Hall, Interpol is also looking for him.

There are certain concerns about complete monopolization of the market. When heat generation is completely in one hand as it is now, won't the heating companies dictate only their terms?

“There's no goodwill there. Market consolidation is underway. Siberian Generating Company is holding negotiations, offering good money, and buying up assets. On the one hand, yes, the environmental situation will improve but if one looks at it on site? For example, they shut down a boiler house that heats the Solnechny microdistrict. It is located far away from Krasnoyarsk, and has no impact on its environment. Its capacities will be replaced by one of the city CHPPs. Accordingly, the output will increase there, and the load on some nearby residential area will increase,” said Konstantin Senchenko, a deputy of the Krasnoyarsk City Council.

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