Thirty years have passed since the collapse of the Soviet Union. It happened on December 8, 1991. “The USSR no longer exists,” this news instantly went worldwide.
An outrageous action happened at the Viskuli state dacha, located in Belovezhskaya Pushcha, a primordial relic plain forest, an amazingly beautiful and environmentally pristine place in Belorussia, on 8 December 1991. It affected not only the lives of hundreds of millions of people but also the fate of the whole world. Boris Yeltsin, Stanislav Shushkevich, and Leonid Kravchuk, the then leaders of the RSFSR, Belarus, and Ukraine, signed a treaty creating the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and ending the existence of the great country, the USSR.
Vladimir Putin later called the collapse of the Soviet Union the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the twentieth century. Putin recalled that the USSR citizens lived in a united country. They had families, jobs, and apartments there. They had equal rights.
“Twenty-five million Russian people found themselves abroad overnight,” the Russian president said. According to him, there were first “red flags” and then a full-blown civil war in the country. “Of course, I saw it all perfectly well, especially when I became head of the Federal Security Service,” the Russian leader said.
The huge country with a population of 260 million people, which seemed as if it could last forever, collapsed in a few months. The process of disintegration began during perestroika, when Mikhail Gorbachev, General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, initiated reforms whose main proclaimed principles were “glasnost” (openness and transparency), “perestroika,” “democracy,” “economic acceleration,” etc.
“When Yeltsin, Shushkevich, and Kravchuk signed the Belovezh Accords, I was in South Korea,” Ruslan Khasbulatov, head of the Department of World Economy at Plekhanov Russian Economic University, Doctor of Economics, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Russia (1991-1993), told wek.ru. “However, that was not the point. I believe that if this idiotic document had not been signed in Belovezhskaya Pushcha, Gorbachev might have preserved at least eight or nine republics. Moreover, to my thinking, Putin would have never signed this document because he is a clear-headed person.”
According to Khasbulatov, he doesn't like to talk much about Boris Yeltsin's notorious alcohol addiction but unfortunately, “it is impossible to turn a blind eye to this fact.”
There are attempts to convince Russia that one of the main signs of the collapse of the USSR was “the desire of the republics for sovereignty.” At the same time, facts are confirming the version that the Soviet Union was also being shaken by other countries. As it turned out almost 30 years later, some unknown snipers killed people in Vilnius on January 13, 1991. Lithuania accuses Moscow, the Vilnius Special Police Force (OMON,) the Russian military deployed in the republic, and some leaders of the former USSR of masterminding those events.
In July 2018, the Investigative Committee opened a case against employees of the Lithuanian prosecutor's office and the judicial system because they participated in the criminal case of January 13, 1991, when 14 people were killed in the large-scale protest actions in Vilnius. Chances are the Russian law enforcement agency will eventually find out where the killers arrived in Lithuania from. The West acts according to those patterns used during the Orange Revolutions [a series of protests and political events that took place in Ukraine from late November 2004 to January 2005, in the immediate aftermath of the run-off vote of the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election, which was claimed to be marred by massive corruption, voter intimidation, and electoral fraud] that have withstood the test of time. Let us remember the events of February 2014 when the unknown snipers killed both supporters and opponents of Euromaidan in Kyiv.
A video, shot by our special services, became a real eye-opener to those who firmly believed that on April 9, 1989, in Tbilisi, the Soviet military “cut down” peaceful demonstrators with entrenching shovels. Even Eduard Shevardnadze, a notorious traitor, former Soviet Foreign Minister, and later President of “independent” Georgia, was extremely surprised to see this video because there were no entrenching shovels at all.
Nevertheless, the events in Georgia and Lithuania, as well as similar bloody clashes in many other cities and towns of the Soviet Union, were executed according to the same scheme and contributed to the collapse of the great power.
“The documents were signed insidiously and fraudulently at the meeting at Belovezhskaya Pushcha,” said Khasbulatov. “Well, the mediocrities in power consciously and deliberately destroyed the great powerhouse. On the other hand, Nursultan Nazarbayev said then that no matter how bad it was, “we would have helped, and Gorbachev would have been able to preserve the Soviet Union.” In general, Nazarbayev, Karimov, and the other leaders of the Central Asian republics were outraged when they learned about what happened in Belovezhskaya Pushcha.
At 7 p.m. on December 25, 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev announced the end of his presidency in the USSR in a live message on Central Television. On the same day, the USSR flag was lowered from the Kremlin and the Russian State flag was raised.
“Our social protection system was destroyed. Entire sectors of the economy were shut down. The healthcare system was ruined almost completely. The army was in a deplorable state. Millions of people found themselves below the poverty line. This must not be forgotten either,” said Russian President Vladimir Putin bitterly in 2017.
And we do not forget!